Best Buy Business Model

Best Buy Business Model Canvas - Best Buy Business Model

The Best Buy business model combines physical stores and an online platform to provide customers with a comprehensive retail experience for consumer electronics and appliances. This multichannel business model shares similarities with the sales business model, focusing on generating income through sales and acquiring customers.

However, the key distinction lies in its integration of physical stores and an online platform. This integration enables a seamless multichannel retail experience for customers, allowing them to transition effortlessly between channels. The business model has proven to be a successful strategy, enabling the company to thrive in the evolving retail landscape.

Best Buy Key Information - Best Buy Business Model

A brief history of Best Buy

Best Buy has a long and storied history that spans several decades. It all began in 1966 when Richard Schulze and a business partner founded Sound of Music, an audio specialty store in Saint Paul, Minnesota.

Over the years, the company steadily grew and expanded its operations. In 1983, the stores were rebranded as Best Buy, focusing on consumer electronics and appliances. This marked a turning point for the company, setting the stage for its future success. Best Buy embarked on a journey of expansion, opening new stores beyond Minnesota and establishing a national presence across the United States.

In 1985, Best Buy made its initial public offering (IPO) and became a publicly traded company on the New York Stock Exchange. This move provided the necessary capital to fuel further growth and expansion. During the 1990s and early 2000s, Best Buy continued to adapt to the evolving retail landscape and changing consumer demands.

The company invested in its physical stores, creating an inviting and interactive shopping experience for customers. Best Buy also embraced emerging technologies, such as the Internet, and launched its online platform to supply the growing demand for online shopping.

In 2001, Best Buy made a significant acquisition by purchasing The Musicland Group, a retail chain specializing in music and entertainment products. This acquisition further expanded Best Buy’s product offerings and solidified its position as a leading retailer in the industry.

Throughout the years, Best Buy has focused on providing customers with a wide range of products, expert advice, and convenient services. The company has built a reputation for its knowledgeable sales staff, known as Blue Shirts, who offer expert guidance to customers in making informed purchasing decisions.

Today, Best Buy continues to thrive as one of the largest consumer electronics retailers, with a strong presence both in physical stores and online. The company’s commitment to innovation, customer-centric approach, and ability to adapt to changing trends have contributed to its long-standing success in the retail industry.

Who Owns Best Buy

Ownership of Best Buy is distributed among numerous shareholders who hold shares of its common stock. The largest shareholders are institutional investors and mutual funds who own shares of the company through stock exchanges.

Best Buy Mission Statement

Best Buy Mission Statement - Best Buy Business Model

Best Buy’s mission statement is, “to enrich lives through technology by addressing key human needs.”

How Best Buy works

Best Buy operates as a leading retailer of consumer electronics and appliances, providing customers with a comprehensive shopping experience. Here’s an overview of how Best Buy works:

Curate an Extensive Product Selection

Best Buy offers a wide range of products from top brands, including computers, TVs, smartphones, home appliances, audio equipment, and more. Best Buy collaborates with numerous suppliers and vendors to ensure a diverse product selection and access to exclusive products and promotions.

These partnerships contribute to the availability of over 1,000 vendor-managed categories in Best Buy’s stores and online platform. They stock over 250,000 products in their inventory.

Establish a Multichannel Presence

Best Buy operates more than 1,000 physical stores across the United States, allowing customers to see, touch, and experience products firsthand. They also have a robust online platform, with millions of unique visitors to their website each year.

Empower Expert Sales Staff

Best Buy’s knowledgeable sales staff, known as “Blue Shirts,” undergo extensive training to provide expert advice and personalized assistance. With over 100,000 Blue Shirts across their stores, customers can rely on their expertise to make informed purchasing decisions.

Enhance the Customer Experience with Additional Services

Best Buy’s Geek Squad provides a range of services, including product installations, repairs, and technical support. They handle over 7 million service calls and complete millions of repairs annually.

Offer Competitive Pricing

Best Buy regularly monitors market prices and offers a price match guarantee, matching or beating prices of eligible products found at competitors. They ensure competitive pricing to provide customers with the best value for their purchases.

Cultivate Customer Loyalty with Rewarding Programs

Best Buy’s “My Best Buy” loyalty program has over 60 million members. Customers earn points on their purchases, which can be redeemed for discounts, exclusive offers, and other benefits.

How Best Buy makes money

Best Buy Revenue (2012-2022) - Best Buy Business Model

Here’s an overview of how Best Buy makes money:

Product Sales

Best Buy’s primary revenue source comes from the sale of consumer electronics, appliances, and related products. These products include computers, smartphones, televisions, audio equipment, home appliances, and more. Best Buy purchases these products from suppliers and earns a profit by selling them to customers.


Best Buy offers a range of services that contribute to its revenue stream. The services include Geek Squad services, such as product installations, repairs, troubleshooting, and technical support. Customers pay for these services, providing additional income for Best Buy.

Extended Warranties and Protection Plans

Best Buy offers extended warranties and protection plans on products, providing customers with additional coverage beyond the manufacturer’s warranty. Customers can choose to purchase these plans for an extra fee, generating revenue for Best Buy.

Financing and Credit Services

Best Buy provides financing options to customers through its branded credit card, allowing them to make purchases and pay over time. Best Buy earns revenue through interest charges and fees associated with credit card transactions.

Gift Cards and Store Credits

Best Buy sells gift cards that customers can use to purchase within Best Buy stores or online. Revenue is generated when customers buy gift cards, regardless of when the actual purchase is made. Additionally, revenue is earned when customers redeem store credits for previous returns or exchanges.

Affiliate and Partner Programs

Best Buy participates in affiliate marketing programs, earning a commission on sales generated through referral links or partnerships with other companies. These programs contribute to additional revenue for Best Buy.

Best Buy Business Model

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Best Buy Business Model Canvas - Best Buy Business Model

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Best Buy Customer Segments

Best Buy’s customer segments consist of:

  • Tech Enthusiasts: Tech enthusiasts are individuals who have a deep interest in technology and its various applications. They are passionate about staying up-to-date with the latest technological advancements, gadgets, software, and trends. Tech enthusiasts often actively engage in discussions, forums, and online communities related to technology to share knowledge, insights, and experiences. Usually, they enjoy experimenting with new technologies, learning programming languages, and exploring innovative solutions;
  • Homeowners and Home Renovators: Homeowners are individuals or families who legally own residential properties and use them as their primary residence. They are responsible for the upkeep, maintenance, and management of their homes, including tasks like paying property taxes and carrying out necessary repairs. On the other hand, home renovators are professionals or individuals skilled in various aspects of home improvement. They specialize in renovating or remodeling residential properties, working closely with homeowners to understand their needs and preferences;
  • Small Business Owners: Small business owners are individuals who operate and manage their own small-scale businesses. They are entrepreneurs who take on the responsibility of starting, running, and overseeing the day-to-day operations of their enterprises. Small business owners are typically involved in a wide range of activities, including business planning, marketing, sales, finance, customer service, and personnel management;
  • Students and Educators: Students and educators encompass a broad category of individuals involved in the field of education. Students refer to learners of all ages enrolled in schools, colleges, universities, or any other educational institutions. Educators include teachers, professors, instructors, and educational professionals;
  • Gamers and Entertainment Enthusiasts: Gamers and entertainment enthusiasts are individuals who have a keen interest in video games, digital entertainment, and multimedia experiences. They love spending their leisure time playing video games on various platforms, such as consoles, PCs, or mobile devices. Gamers often follow gaming news, participate in online gaming communities, and may even compete in esports. On the other hand, entertainment enthusiasts enjoy consuming various forms of digital entertainment, such as movies, TV shows, music, and streaming services. They are usually interested in home theater setups, audio systems, and other technologies that enhance their entertainment experience;
  • Tech Professionals: Tech professionals refer to individuals who work in the field of technology, such as software developers, engineers, IT specialists, data scientists, network administrators, and other related roles. These professionals possess expertise in specific domains and are actively involved in designing, developing, maintaining, and supporting technology solutions. Tech professionals often stay updated with the latest trends, attend conferences and workshops, and continuously upgrade their skills to adapt to the evolving tech landscape.

Best Buy Value Propositions

Best Buy’s value propositions consist of:

  • For Tech Enthusiasts: Best Buy offers an extensive selection of cutting-edge gadgets, electronics, and accessories. They have knowledgeable staff who provide expert advice to help customers make informed purchasing decisions. With Geek Squad support, tech enthusiasts can rely on professional assistance for tech support, installation services, and repairs;
  • For Homeowners and Home Renovators: Best Buy understands the needs of homeowners and home renovators. They offer a wide range of smart home devices, automation systems, and home security solutions. Best Buy’s experts provide in-home consultations to help integrate technology seamlessly into living spaces;
  • For Small Business Owners: Small business owners can turn to Best Buy for their technology needs. Best Buy offers business technology solutions tailored to their requirements, including computers, printers, networking equipment, and software. They provide tech setup, installation, and ongoing support. Small business owners can also take advantage of bulk purchasing options and financing solutions;
  • For Students and Educators: Best Buy supports students and educators with their educational technology needs. They offer a range of products, such as laptops, tablets, software, and accessories, chosen explicitly for educational purposes. Best Buy provides special deals and discounts exclusively for students and educators. They also offer tech support services, extended warranties, and access to educational resources;
  • For Gamers and Entertainment Enthusiasts: Best Buy provides the needs of gamers and entertainment enthusiasts. They provide a wide selection of gaming consoles, PCs, accessories, virtual reality systems, and entertainment devices. Best Buy offers exclusive releases and pre-order options, giving customers access to highly sought-after products and experiences. Their knowledgeable staff includes gaming enthusiasts who can offer advice, recommendations, and technical support;
  • For Tech Professionals: Best Buy offers a range of professional-grade equipment, including high-performance computers, software, networking solutions, and peripherals. They provide business services like technology consulting, installations, repairs, and maintenance. Best Buy also offers professional development resources, workshops, and training materials to help tech professionals stay ahead in their careers.

Best Buy Channels

Best Buy’s channels consist of:

  • Physical stores
  • Online store
  • Mobile app
  • Social media
  • Customer service centers
  • Geek Squad services
  • In-home consultations

Best Buy Customer Relationships

Best Buy’s customer relationships consist of:

  • Social media engagement and interaction
  • Post-purchase follow-ups
  • Customer loyalty program
  • Online customer support

Best Buy Revenue Streams

Best Buy’s revenue streams consist of:

  • Product Sales
  • Services
  • Extended Warranties and Protection Plans
  • Financing and Credit Services
  • Gift Cards and Store Credits
  • Affiliate and Partner Programs

Best Buy Key Resources

Best Buy’s key resources consist of:

  • Physical stores
  • E-commerce platform
  • Inventory
  • Supply chain management
  • Technology infrastructure
  • Skilled workforce

Best Buy Key Activities

Best Buy’s key activities consist of:

  • Product sourcing and procurement
  • Sales and customer service
  • Marketing and advertising
  • Supply chain management
  • Inventory management
  • Technology and IT support
  • Product repairs and warranties

Best Buy Key Partners

Best Buy’s key partners consist of:

  • Suppliers and Manufacturers
  • Distributors
  • Technology Partners
  • Service Providers
  • Financial Institutions
  • Marketing and Brand Partners

Best Buy Cost Structure

Best Buy’s cost structure consists of:

  • Operating Expenses
  • Distribution and Logistics Costs
  • Marketing and Promotional Costs
  • Employee-related Expenses
  • Rent and Lease Expenses
  • Utilities and Maintenance Costs
  • Technology Infrastructure Costs
  • Insurance Premiums

Best Buy Competitors

  • Amazon: Founded in 1994, Amazon has become a global e-commerce giant, offering an extensive range of products, including consumer electronics and appliances. Amazon competes with Best Buy by offering a vast selection of tech gadgets and consumer electronics. Its online platform provides customers with an extensive range of options, including smartphones, laptops, tablets, gaming consoles, and more. With competitive pricing, fast shipping, and customer reviews, Amazon has become a go-to destination for tech enthusiasts looking for the latest gadgets;
  • Walmart: Established in 1962, Walmart is one of the world’s largest retail chains, competing with Best Buy across multiple categories, including consumer electronics and appliances. With its vast physical store network and expanding online platform, Walmart provides customers with a one-stop shopping destination for a wide range of items. Walmart’s competitive pricing, convenience, and affordability appeal to cost-conscious customers;
  • Target: Founded in 1902, Target is a prominent retail chain known for its stylish and curated product selection. Competing with Best Buy in consumer electronics and appliances, Target aims to provide customers with an enjoyable shopping experience, competitive pricing, and a convenient retail environment. Target’s focus on creating a unique and welcoming atmosphere sets it apart from its competitors;
  • Apple: Established in 1976, Apple is a renowned technology company known for its innovative products like the Mac, the iPhone, and the iPad. While primarily focused on its own devices, Apple operates retail stores worldwide, competing with Best Buy in the consumer electronics market. Apple’s stores offer a unique customer experience, showcasing Apple’s product ecosystem and providing expert assistance;
  • Home Depot: Founded in 1978, Home Depot is a leading home improvement retailer that competes with Best Buy in the appliance category. With its expertise in home improvement and construction, Home Depot offers customers comprehensive solutions for their homes, including appliances and installation services. Home Depot’s extensive selection, knowledgeable staff, and emphasis on the do-it-yourself (DIY) market differentiate it from Best Buy.

Best Buy SWOT Analysis

Below, there is a detailed SWOT analysis of Best Buy:

Best Buy SWOT Analysis - Best Buy Business Model

Best Buy Strengths

  • Extensive Product Selection: Best Buy offers a wide range of products, including consumer electronics, appliances, home entertainment systems, computers, mobile devices, and more. Its diverse selection attracts customers with different needs and preferences, allowing them to find the products they are looking for in one place;
  • Multichannel Presence: Best Buy operates both physical stores and an online platform, allowing customers to shop through their preferred channels. This multichannel presence enables customers to browse and make purchases in-store or conveniently online, depending on their preferences;
  • Expert Sales Staff: Best Buy employs knowledgeable and trained sales staff who can provide expert advice and assistance to customers. These employees undergo training to stay up-to-date with the latest technology trends, ensuring they can offer valuable insights and guidance to customers, helping them make informed purchasing decisions;
  • Price Competitiveness: Best Buy strives to offer competitive pricing on its products, providing value for customers. It regularly offers sales, discounts, and promotions to attract customers looking for affordable deals on consumer electronics and appliances;
  • Strong Supplier Relationships: Best Buy has established strong relationships with various suppliers and manufacturers, allowing the company to access a wide range of products and negotiate favorable terms. The relationships give Best Buy an advantage in securing popular and exclusive products and ensuring competitive pricing for its customers.

Best Buy Weaknesses

  • Intense Competition: The consumer electronics and appliance retail industry is highly competitive, with numerous competitors vying for market share. Best Buy faces competition from online retailers like Amazon and large retail chains like Walmart and Target. The intense competition puts pressure on Best Buy to constantly innovate and differentiate itself from rivals;
  • Vulnerability to Economic Factors: Best Buy’s business is influenced by macroeconomic factors, such as changes in consumer spending habits and overall economic conditions. During economic downturns or periods of reduced consumer confidence, customers may cut back on discretionary purchases like consumer electronics and appliances, affecting Best Buy’s sales and profitability;
  • Dependence on Suppliers: Best Buy relies on various suppliers and manufacturers to provide the products it sells. Any disruptions in the supply chain, such as product shortages or delays, can impact Best Buy’s ability to meet customer demand and potentially lead to lost sales or dissatisfied customers.

Best Buy Opportunities

  • Expanding Product Portfolio: Best Buy can capitalize on the growing demand for consumer electronics by expanding its product portfolio to include emerging technologies, such as virtual reality headsets, smart home devices, drones, and other innovative gadgets. By staying at the forefront of technology trends, Best Buy can attract tech enthusiasts and customers looking for the latest tech offerings;
  • Strengthening Online Presence: The continued growth of e-commerce provides an opportunity for Best Buy to enhance its online presence. By investing in user-friendly website design, seamless online shopping experiences, and robust logistics and fulfillment capabilities, Best Buy can capture a larger share of the online consumer electronics market and reach customers beyond its physical store footprint;
  • Diversifying Services and Solutions: Best Buy can explore opportunities to diversify its service offerings and solutions beyond the existing Geek Squad support. This may include expanding into areas such as home automation consultations, device protection plans, connected home installations, and personalized tech support subscriptions. These additional services can enhance customer loyalty and provide additional revenue streams;
  • International Expansion: Best Buy can consider expanding its operations into new international markets, leveraging its brand recognition and expertise in the consumer electronics industry. By carefully assessing market opportunities and adapting its business model to local market needs, Best Buy can tap into the growing global demand for consumer electronics and appliances, driving further growth and revenue diversification.

Best Buy Threats

  • Price Pressure: The consumer electronics and appliance industry is characterized by price sensitivity, with customers often seeking the best deals and discounts. Online retailers and large discount stores can offer lower prices due to their scale and operational efficiencies. Best Buy needs to carefully manage its pricing strategy and negotiate favorable terms with suppliers to remain competitive without sacrificing profitability;
  • Technological Advances: Rapid advancements in technology can pose a threat if Best Buy fails to stay ahead of the curve. Customers’ preferences and needs evolve with new technologies. Hence, Best Buy must continually update its product offerings to reflect these changes. Failure to adapt to emerging trends may result in customers turning to competitors that offer the latest, cutting-edge products;
  • Changing Consumer Preferences: Shifts in consumer preferences, such as a growing preference for subscription-based services, online marketplaces, or direct-to-consumer brands, can impact Best Buy’s market share. Adapting to changing consumer behaviors, preferences, and expectations requires continuous market research, customer insights, and agility in adjusting the company’s offerings and customer engagement strategies;
  • Counterfeit Products and Unauthorized Resellers: The presence of counterfeit products and unauthorized resellers can undermine Best Buy’s reputation and customer trust. Best Buy must implement effective quality control measures, partner with authorized suppliers, and ensure the authenticity and legitimacy of its products to protect its brand image and customer loyalty.

-> Read More About Best Buy’s SWOT Analysis


By combining the strengths of brick-and-mortar stores and e-commerce, Best Buy provides the evolving needs and preferences of customers seeking convenience, product variety, and personalized assistance. While Best Buy faces competition from online retailers and other retail giants, its ability to create a seamless multichannel retail experience sets it apart.

Continuously embracing technological advancements, expanding its online presence, and differentiating itself through exceptional customer service can make Best Buy continue to thrive in the ever-evolving consumer electronics and appliances market.



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